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For this item type, you need to select the most appropriate words from a drop-down list to restore the text.

There is a passage with some missing words. Beside each gap, there is a button with a drop-down list. Left-click on this button to reveal the drop-down list of options for that gap. Select the option you think best fills the gap.

To change your mind, left-click on a different option.

  1. While it’s no wonder that dogs are (1) ______ as man’s best friends, little is known about the origins of this friendship. It is presumed that dogs were one of the first animals to be (2) ______ by humans. One notable effect of this long relationship with humans is that unlike other canine species, dogs can (3) ______ on a carbohydrate-rich diet. Historically, dogs have been helping us in many ways, but recently they are also assisting people with disabilities and (4) ______ in therapy. Patients who were administered dog therapy demonstrated decreased stress, increased happiness, and (5) ______ energy levels.

  1. ( a) boring (b)popular  ( c) danger (d) laziness
  2. ( a) encounter (b) ridicule  ( c) safe (d) domesticated
  3. ( a) master (b) flourish  ( c) worried (d) prejudice
  4. ( a) aiding (b) mercurial  ( c) tremendous (d) carnivore
  5. ( a) jostle (b) kind  ( c) improved (d) neighbourly
Check Your Answer

1(b) popular
2(d) domesticated
3(b) flourish  
4( a) aiding
5( c) improved

2. Despite progress over the last two (1) _____________, still more than 35 per cent of the urban population of the less developed regions was living in slums in 2005-2007. In the least developed countries 71 per cent of the urban dwellers lived in slums. This proportion is very high in sub-Saharan Africa , (2)  _____________ from 61 per cent in Western Africa to 71 per cent in Middle Africa. It is also very high in Sudan, where 94 per cent of the urban dwellers live in slums. In Asia this proportion is 33 per cent, close to the average of the less developed (3) _____________, and 22 percentage points lower than in Africa. Twentyfive per cent of the urban population of Western Asia lives in slums, a percentage significantly lower than the world average. Lack of access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation are typical characteristics of urban slums. Access to safe water and adequate sanitation are among the indicators used to monitor progress toward (4)_____________sustainability. Globally, 134 million urban dwellers (4 per cent) lacked (5)_____________ to an improved water supply in 2008 and 806 million (24 per cent) lacked adequate sanitation services. Most of these people lived in informal, overcrowded urban settlements in developing countries, particularly in Africa and Asia.

  1. ( a) time (b) visit  ( c) equity (d) decades
  2. ( a) infrastructure (b) ranging  ( c) hover (d) knowledge
  3. ( a) regions (b) luxury  ( c) prevalent (d) courtesy
  4. ( a) collude (b) environmental ( c) magnificient (d) enormously
  5. ( a) negotiations (b) housing  ( c) relent (d) access

Check Your Answer

1(d) decades
2(b) ranging
3(a) regions  
4( b) environmental
5( d) access

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